Wildfly 10 ships with ActiveMQ Artemis as the default JMS implementation, but has the auto-create-jms-queues set to false by default (to keep the compatibility with older Wildfly versions). To enable it back, change the <address-setting> node on standalone.xml to include auto-create-jms-queues="true":

<address-setting auto-create-jms-queues="true" name="#" dead-letter-address="jms.queue.DLQ"... />